# Protocol Readings
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- Date: May 5, 2020
- By: Optimism PBC
A thorough Medium post from Optimism's blog that provides that explains what the Optimistic Virtual Machine (OVM) is and the problem it solves.
- Date: Jan 29, 2021
- By: Georgios Konstantopoulos (Paradigm Research)
A thorough post by Paradigm's research division that takes a deep dive into the protocol implementation of Optimism's ORUs. Covers OVM topics like: data availability batches, state commitments, fraud proofs, incentives & bonds, and nuisance gas.
- Date: Aug 16, 2020
- By: Karl Floersch
A thorough discussion on miner extractable value auctions (MEVA) by Karl Floersch.